Penhold Techniques for Table Tennis


Hi I’m Alois Rosario from PingSkills. Today
we’re going to show you the Penhold Grip. To use the Penhold Grip you have your thumb
and your pointer finger encircling the handle. On the other side of your bat you can have
your three fingers flat or curved. Whatever your preference is. You’ll notice that Matt
uses the Chinese style Penhold bat. With the Chinese style Penhold bat it’s very similar
to Shakehand bat except the handle is a little bit shorter. The advantages of the Penhold Grip are that you can use your wrist a lot better because you are using your wrist in this motion. Whereas with the Shakehand Grip you are using your wrist in this motion which is a smaller action. The Penholders can get a little bit more spin
with their serves. Another advantage is that you don’t have a crossover point in the middle. On the forehand side you are playing like that and as the ball gets to the middle you don’t
need to change the side that you’re using. So that eliminates the problem of the crossover
point . So if Matt uses the Shakehand Grip you’ll notice when it gets to the middle area
he needs to change between the forehand side and the backhand side of his bat. With the Penhold Grip this is eliminated. What are the disadvantages of the Penhold
Grip? Firstly, previously the backhand used to be a problem with the Penhold Grip because
Penholders always used the same side to hit the ball. However now we can use the reverse
backhand, we are going to show you some of those techniques today. Although there are
differences between the Penhold and the Shakehand Grip you’re going to find that there are a
lot of similarities as well. Especially when we are looking at the forehand techniques. Today we have Matt Low to show us the Penhold technique. You will see that Matt’s forehand starts very similar to the Shakehand technique, he starts with his bat down beside him at table height
and flat. He follows through up and forward towards his head. To get more topspin he
starts a little bit lower just below table height and finishes up at head height. From side on you’ll get a better view of where he starts and finishes his bat. The forehand very similar to the Shakehand. The backhand technique with the Penhold is
where the differences lie. With the block you come straight forward. With the backhand counterhit you tend to start a little bit lower and come up a little bit but with the grip
you’ll notice that it’s difficult to extend the wrist. The backhand counterhit becomes more like a punch technique. From side on you can see the bat punching forward. The important part of the technique for the backhand topspin is to make sure that you have your grip correct. You notice here that Matt’s bat is not quite in the right position.
If he tried to hit the backhand topspin with this grip the ball would go off to the side.
To get the correct grip technique you need to show the full face of the bat to the ball.
This will eliminate a lot of the errors and get the ball to go straight with the backhand
topspin. Here you can see Matt’s bat facing directly
towards the ball. From the back you’ll see that the red side of Matt’s bat is always facing towards the back you never see the black side. You’ll notice that Matt’s bat
starts nice and low and finishes high. And it’s coming through on the one plane so the
angle of the bat doesn’t change at all. From the side you will notice that Matt’s
bat starts below the level of the table and finishes above head height. You will notice that the angle of the blade for the Penhold is exactly the same as when you’re using the Shakehand Grip. So for the backhand push and the forehand push you are
sliding underneath the ball getting your bat to slide underneath the ball to impart a little
bit of backspin. Notice also how Matt’s right foot is moving
in and out after each push. This gets him ready in case the ball comes along so that
he can topspin. With each push he moves his right foot in. The Korean or Japanese backhand technique is to use the same side of your bat but starting with your bat out very wide. You will notice that with the Japanese or Korean backhand
technique the contact is quite flat. The contact point is way outside the line of your body. Let’s have a look at some combinations using the Penhold Grip. This first combination is fairly simple because you are using the same side of he bat for the forehand push and he
forehand topspin. This is very similar to the Shakehand technique. This combination
is a little bit more difficult, so we are doing a backhand push then the backhand reverse
topspin and then a backhand block. Changing the side you are using each time. This is something
the Penholder needs to practise. Now Matt’s doing a variation of combinations,
so he’s starting with a backhand push and a backhand reverse topspin, the third ball
can be anywhere so he needs to adjust. This gets the Penholder used to using the different sides of your bat. Because the Penholder is using the same side of his bat for the third
ball it is quite simple, so the third ball is either a backhand punch or a forehand using
the red side. You will notice particularly from the side
the third ball punch goes forward and flat.

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